Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata)
One of the lightest of commercially available softwoods, non-resinous with an aromatic odour, varying in colour from dark brown to white. Excellent dimensional stability, naturally decay-resistant, durable, light weight, soft textured, easy to handle. Accepts paints and stains readily, nails without splitting.
Douglas Fir (P taxifolia)
The all-purpose wood: strong, tough, moderately hard, resilient, straight-gained, and prized for its decorative appearance.
Takes screws and nails moderately well, and has good staining and painting properties. Reasonably easy to dry, moderately durable.
Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla)
Similar properties to those of Douglas Fir. Not quite as strong or decorative as Douglas Fir, Hemlock dries exceptionally well and nails firmly and without splitting. The species is classified as non-durable. Pacific Cost
Hemlock is the second largest great all-purpose wood.
Southern Yellow Pine (Pinus palustris, ellioti, echinata & taeda)
Hard, dense and decorative, high strength to weight ratio, good figure and grain. Holds fastenings like hardwood. Easy to work, stable in its original dimension, but re sawing dry material is not recommended. Accepts preservative treatments exceptionally well. This timber is moderately durable.
Honduras Pitch Pine (Pinus caribaea)
A dense, hard resinous timber with high strength. Requires care during seasoning and dries rather slowly. Timber can be glued satisfactorily. The timber is moderately durable.
Parana Pine (Araucaria angustifolia)
Parana Pine is a straight grained close textured timber which is identifiable by its characteristic red streaks. It is more difficult to dry than most softwoods and consequently is usually sold Shipping Dry. The species machines to a smooth clean finish and genuinely works well and is classified as non-durable.