European Redwood (Pinus sylvestris)
The sapwood is creamy white to yellow in colour, narrow especially in northern environments. The heartwood is pale yellowish brown. It works easily and well with both hand and machine tools. It is capable of a smooth, clean finish. Can be glued, stained, varnished and painted satisfactorily. It dries rapidly but owing to its tendency to develop sap stain it should be anti-stain dipped. For its weight it is strong and moderately hard. It is also non durable.
European Whitewood (Picea abies)
There is no difference between sapwood and heartwood, the colour varying between almost white to pale yellowish-brown. It has a straight grain and rather fine texture. The wood works easily both with hand tools and machine tools. It take stain, paint, varnish and glue satisfactorily. Dries rapidly and well, with a tendency for knots to split and loosen. Compared with European redwood the wood is more lustrous and is also non durable.